How many does should you have per buck?

How many does should you have per buck?

How Many Does Should You Have Per Buck?

Having the correct ratio of does per buck is essential for healthy deer herd management and overall herd health. Here are some important factors to consider when determining the number of does you should have for each buck:


The climate and weather conditions of the area that you are hunting will influence the number of does to buck ratio. In areas with milder climates that offer better access to food and water year-round, the more does can be supported per buck. Whereas, in areas with harsher climates such as extreme temperatures and harsher winters, fewer does should be supported per buck.

Food Availability and Nutrition

Adequate nutrition and food availability are also key factors in determining the number of does per buck. The number of does your area supports will be greatly increased if there is ample and consistent food available due to things like the presence of agricultural crops, plentiful natural vegetation, and other food sources.

Size of Surrounding Area

The size of the area where deer are present can affect the number of does a buck can support. If the area is too small, the buck may not be able to adequately provide food and water for his entire herd, and this can lead to overcrowding and poor health. On the other hand, in large areas with plenty of shelter, food, and water, the buck can support a higher doe to buck ratio.

Overall Herd Health

The overall health of the herd should be taken into consideration when determining the doe to buck ratio. If the area high numbers of fawns and other young members, the ratio should be decreased, since larger numbers of adults can lead to greater competition for food and habitat. If the majority of the herd appears to be in good health and has strong body condition, a larger doe to buck ratio can be supported.


Ultimately, the correct number of does to buck ratio will depend on several factors, such as climate, food availability, the size of the surrounding area, and overall herd health. Knowing these factors and understanding their importance will help ensure that your deer herd management is successful and that your herd remains healthy. Doing your research and monitoring your deer herd are the best ways to ensure a healthy doe to buck ratio.

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