Is it legal to own a shotgun in Japan?

Is it legal to own a shotgun in Japan?

Is it Legal to Own a Shotgun in Japan?

If you live in Japan and are thinking about owning a shotgun, you might be wondering whether it’s legal or not. In Japan, owning a shotgun is restricted and requires certain conditions to be met in order to legally own one.

General Rules for Owning a Shotgun in Japan

To legally own a shotgun in Japan, you must meet the following conditions:

  • You must be over 20 years of age;
  • Have a valid gun license, issued by Japan’s police authority;
  • Have no criminal record;
  • Have undergone background checks and safety training issued by the police.

These rules apply to sporting firearms only and those used in hunting and shooting competitions.

Restrictions on Shotguns

In addition to the general rules for legally owning a shotgun in Japan, there are certain restrictions on the types of firearms you can own. Some of the restrictions include:

  • No pump-action or semi-automatic shotguns;
  • No firearms that have magazines that can hold more than 5 rounds;
  • No shotguns shorter than 900mm in length;
  • No shotguns that have a barrel length shorter than 450mm.

These restrictions are in place to discourage the use of shotguns for illegal activities.


Overall, it is legal to own a shotgun in Japan, but only if you meet the requirements set out by the police and follow the restrictions that are in place. Therefore, before you consider owning a shotgun, it’s important to make sure you know the law in order to ensure you are not breaking any rules.

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