Why did early humans stop hunting?
Early humans began hunting as a means of acquiring food, often targeting large prey to ensure that a successful hunt yielded enough to meet the nutritional needs of several families. Over time, early humans advanced their hunting techniques and tools, such as using spears and developing the ability to make fire. Eventually, these advances enabled them to stop hunting and explore alternate forms of obtaining food, such as agriculture and animal farming.
Advancements in Tools
Early humans developed tools to enable successful hunts, such as weapons for killing and capturing prey and containers to store meat. Over time, these tools advanced significantly and allowed people to hunt larger and more resilient animals, acquiring more food in less time. As people acquired more food per hunt, they progressively found that they no longer needed to go hunting as often as before.
Benefits of Agriculture and Animal Farming
Adopting alternate forms of obtaining food offered a number of benefits to early humans, including:
- A steady source of food. Unlike hunting, where success was unpredictable, those who practiced agriculture and animal farming were able to count on a steady source of food for their families.
- More nutritious food. Agricultural based food is more nutritious because it contains essential vitamins and minerals.
- More free time. Since early humans were no longer spending their days hunting and were able to acquire more food in less time, they had more free time to explore other tasks such as religious or artistic endeavors.
In conclusion, early humans stopped hunting when they developed more advanced tools and techniques that enabled them to acquire more food in less time. This allowed them to explore other means of obtaining food such as agriculture and animal farming, which provided a steady source of nutritious food and freed up time to explore religion or art.